US Prisoners Exchange Policy
The U.S. has a treaty with several countries regarding prisoner exchanges; the U.S. takes US citizens from a foreign country in exchange for illegal aliens from that country who are in our prisons. The largest prisoner exchanges for the U.S. concern Canadian and Mexican citizens in the US prisons. Prisoner exchanges are not extraditions.
Compare and contrast the differences between extradition and prisoner exchanges. According to you, why do you think there is a difference between the two? Justify your answer using examples and reasoning. Explain the statutes involved in the exchange of prisoners with countries of their origin? Discuss your opinion about the feasibility and legality of the exchange of prisoners. Do you think that it is a good national policy and why? Would you change the policy? Support your answer with appropriate reasoning.
What would your answer be to those US citizen prisoners, who, after an exchange, claim they were tortured in the foreign prison? Analyze whether this is a clear violation of their 8th Amendment right against cruel and unusual punishment? What action should be taken following such accusations? Analyze whether the legal process in the U.S. in favor of such complaints or against them?