Learning theory holds the perspective that all behavior, including criminal behavior, is learned from a person’s surroundings. Social learning theory, a subcategory of learning theory, suggests that individuals learn by watching and imitating and by being rewarded and punished. While there are various specific learning theories, they all suggest that criminal behavior is learned.
They also hold the perspective that how and what an individual learns from his or her environment is significant. This can be illustrated by how, in some neighborhoods, illegally carrying a gun or knife is normal because of the number of individuals carrying weapons for protection, and because those who do not carry guns or knives may find themselves at a distinct disadvantage.
It is not just social environments that influence learned behavior, however. Situational factors may contribute to learned criminal behavior, as well, such as when dangerous protests lead to mob mentality.
For this Discussion, select two crimes to which learning theory may be applied and consider how the general principles of learning theory may apply to them
Post a brief description of the crimes you selected. Explain each crime by applying a specific learning theory, using a different theory for each. Then, explain how the principles of learning theory may be used to account for each crime. Finally, explain the degree to which you think learning theory accounts for criminal behavior in general and why. Justify your position using specific examples and concepts from the resources or your research.
Note: Put the two crimes you selected in the first line of your post. You will be asked to respond to a colleague who posted to different crimes than you.
Be sure to support your postings and responses with specific references to the resources.
Read a selection of your colleagues’ postings.